B.S., University of Notre Dame, 2003 (EE)
Ph.D., Princeton University, 2008 (EE)
Prof. Howard attended Notre Dame as an undergraduate and received his BSEE from the electrical engineering department. Following graduation, Scott attended graduate school at Princeton where he studied the design, fabrication, and characterization of "quantum cascade lasers" -- tunable mid-infrared semiconductor injection lasers that emit at wavelengths between ~4-12 microns. He received his PhD in Electrical Engineering in 2008 and was the 2007 winner of the Newport Award for excellence in photonics research. Scott worked as a post doctoral research associate in Applied and Engineering Physics at Cornell University. There he worked on medical imaging technologies in collaboration with New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, developing 3D micro-endoscopes and fast full frame fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) of phosphorescence quenching dyes. The FLIM technology enables researchers to view brain vasculature in 3D while measuring local oxygen concentration at high resolution throughout the image. Scott is the author of dozens of journal and conference papers and is the inventor on several patents - one of which is held by Primis Technologies: a start-up that was co-founded by Scott and where he served as managing director.
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Summary of Activities/Interests
Research Interests: Prof. Howard's research focuses on how the interaction of photons and tissue can be used to aid diagnosis and fundamental research in biological fields. The group's work thus spans optoelectronic device development (e.g. QCLs) to be used as sources in systems, technique development (e.g. fast full frame FLIM), contrast agent development (e.g. encapsulation of nonlinear optical dyes), and new platform development (e.g. low-cost PCR thermal cyclers coupled with tunable laser spectroscopy for analysis). The work is highly interdisciplinary.