Joannes J. Westerink
Summary of Activities/Interests
Westerink’s research focuses on the development, analysis and application of coastal ocean and estuarine hydrodynamic, constituent transport and sediment transport models. This encompasses the basic algorithms; the behavior of these algorithms; theoretical analysis of algorithms; development of high-performance codes; application of codes to oceans, continental shelf regions, estuaries, rivers, coastal flood plains and lakes; and the linkages of hydrodynamics models to weather and short wind wave models. He has worked extensively on model validation and applications in the Gulf of Mexico, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, the Atlantic Ocean, the South China Sea, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico,
Westerink is the co-developer of the widely used ADCIRC finite element-based shallow water equation model. ADCIRC is a robust, efficient and accurate analysis tool due to its ability to optimize unstructured grids to provide resolution where it is necessary and apply large computational domains to simplify boundary condition specification. The model is applied to compute basin scale phenomena to inlet scale flows to feature scale flows such as flow around a jetty. ADCIRC has evolved into a community-based coastal hydrodynamics model with wide ranging applications within academia, government, and the private sector worldwide. The U.S. Army and Navy extensively use the ADCIRC model worldwide to assess coastal currents and water surface elevations. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) uses ADCIRC in support of modeling tidal harmonic constituents for U.S. coasts and estuaries as well as for forecasting tides and extratropical storms. ADCIRC is also being used to design the 15 billion dollar flood protection system being completed in Southern Louisiana by the Army Corps of Engineers and to evaluate flooding risk across the U.S. east and Gulf coasts by FEMA. Industrial applications of ADCIRC range from U.S. nuclear power station flood risk assessment to tidal power station design in Korea and the United Kingdom.
Westerink’s current research includes algorithmic and peta-application projects from the National Science Foundation; the merging of wind, wave and current models (SWAN+ADCIRC) into a high performance scalable codes; the development and validation of the ultra high resolution models for Southern Louisiana and Texas with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and numerous university and private sector partners; and marsh resistance and wave-current friction studies with the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center. The Computational Hydraulics Laboratory (www.nd.edu/~coast) is the forefront of developing ultra-high resolution unstructured grid multi-physics, multi-scale models for the coastal ocean and successfully transitioning these models for design and analysis of flood control and environmental impact assessment projects.
Ph.D. Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1984
M.S. Civil Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1981
B.S. Civil Engineering, Summa Cum Laude, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1979
Kaneb Teaching Award, Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University. of Notre Dame, 2000
BP Outstanding Teacher of the Year Award, College of Engineering, University of Notre Dame, 2004
Faculty Fellow, John A. Kaneb Center for Teaching and Learning, University of Notre Dame, 2005-2006
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Interagency Performance Evaluation Task Force Leadership Award, 2007
Department of the Army, Outstanding Civilian Service Medal, 2007
Rev. Edmund P. Joyce, C.S.C. Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, University. of Notre Dame, 2010.
Dietrich, J.C., S. Tanaka, J.J. Westerink, C.N. Dawson, R.A. Luettich, Jr., M. Zijlema, L.H. Holthuijsen, J.M. Smith, L.G. Westerink, H.J. Westerink, "Performance of the Unstructured-Mesh, SWAN+ADCIRC Model in Computing Hurricane Waves and Surge," Journal of Scientific Computing, In Press, DOI 10.1007/s10915-011-9555-6, 2012.
Kennedy, A.B., J.J. Westerink, J.M. Smith, M.E. Hope, M. Hartman, A. Taflanidis, S. Tanaka, H. Westerink, K. Cheung, T. Smith, M. Hamann, M. Minamide, A. Ota, C. Dawson, "Tropical cyclone inundation potential on the Hawaiian Islands of Oahu and Kauai," Ocean Modelling, 52-53, 54-68, 2012.
Dietrich, J.C., C.J. Trahan, M.T. Howard, J.G. Fleming, R.J. Weaver, S. Tanaka, L. Yu, R.A. Luettich, C.N. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, G. Wells, A. Lu, K. Vega, A. Kubach, K.M. Dresback, R.L. Kolar, C. Kaiser, R.R. Twilley, "Surface trajectories of oil transport along the northern coastline of the Gulf of Mexico," Continental Shelf Research, 41, 17-47, 2012.
Michoski, C., C. Mirabito, C. Dawson, D. Wirasaet, E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, "Dynamic p-enrichment schemes for multicomponent reactive flows," Advances in Water Resources, 34, 1666-1680, 2011.
Michoski, C., C. Mirabito, C. Dawson, D. Wirasaet, E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, "Adaptive Hierarchic Transformations for Dynamically p-enriched Slope-limiting over Discontinuous Galerkin Systems of Generalized Equations," Journal of Computational Physics, 230, 22, 8028-8056, 2011.
Kennedy, A.B., U. Gravois, B.C. Zachry, J.J. Westerink, M.E. Hope, J.C. Dietrich, M.D. Powell, A.T. Cox, R.A. Luettich, R.G. Dean, "Origin of the Hurricane Ike Forerunner Surge," Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L08608, DOI 10.1029/2011GL047090, 2011j, 2011.
Dawson, C., E.J. Kubatko, J. J. Westerink, C. Trahan, C. Mirabito, C. Michoski, N. Panda, "Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for Modeling Hurricane Storm Surge," Advances in Water Resources, DOI 10.1016/j.advwatres.2010.11.004, 34, 1165-1176, 2011.
Tanaka, S., S. Bunya, J.J. Westerink, C. Dawson, R.A. Luettich, "Scalability of an Unstructured Grid Continuous Galerkin Based Hurricane Storm Surge Model," Journal of Scientific Computing, 46, 329-358, 2011.
Dietrich, J.C., J.J. Westerink, A.B. Kennedy, J.M. Smith, R. Jensen, M. Zijlema, L.H. Holthuijsen, C. Dawson, R.A. Luettich, Jr., M.D. Powell, V.J. Cardone, A.T. Cox, G.W. Stone, H. Pourtaheri, M.E. Hope, S. Tanaka, L.G. Westerink, H.J. Westerink, Z. Cobell, "Hurricane Gustav (2008) Waves and Storm Surge: Hindcast, Synoptic Analysis and Validation in Southern Louisiana,"Monthly Weather Review, 139, 2488-2522, DOI 10.1175/2011MWR3611.1, 2011.
Mirabito, C., C. Dawson, E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, S. Bunya," Implementation of a Discontinuous Galerkin Morphological Model on Two-Dimensional Unstructured Meshes," Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 200, 189-207, 2011.
Dietrich. J.C., M. Zijlema, J.J. Westerink, L.H. Holthuijsen, C. Dawson, R.A. Luettich, R. Jensen, J.M. Smith, G.S. Stelling, G.W. Stone, “Modeling Hurricane Waves and Storm Surge using Integrally-Coupled, Scalable Computations,” Coastal Engineering, 58, 45-65, 2011.
Forbes, C., R. A. Luettich, C.A. Mattocks, J.J. Westerink, "A Retrospective Evaluation of the Storm Surge Produced by Hurricane Gustav (2008): Forecast and Hindcast Results," Weather and Forecasting, 25, No. 6, 1577-1602, 2010.
Wirasaet, D., S. Tanaka, E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, C. Dawson, "A Performance Comparison of Nodal Discontinuous Galerkin Methods on Triangles and Quadrilaterals," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 64, 1336-1362, 2010.
Ebersole, B.A., J.J. Westerink, S. Bunya, J.C. Dietrich, M.A. Cialone, "Development of Storm Surge Which Led to Flooding in St. Bernard Polder during Hurricane Katrina," Ocean Engineering, 37, 91-103, 2010.
Dietrich, J.C., S. Bunya, J.J. Westerink, B.A. Ebersole, J.M. Smith, J.H. Atkinson, R. Jensen, D.T. Resio, R.A. Luettich, C. Dawson, V.J. Cardone, A.T. Cox, M.D. Powell, H.J. Westerink, H.J. Roberts, “A High Resolution Coupled Riverine Flow, Tide, Wind, Wind Wave and Storm Surge Model for Southern Louisiana and Mississippi: Part II - Synoptic Description and Analyses of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita,” Monthly Weather Review, 138, 378-404, 2010.
Bunya, S., J.C. Dietrich, J.J. Westerink, B.A. Ebersole, J.M. Smith, J.H. Atkinson, R. Jensen, D.T. Resio, R.A. Luettich, C. Dawson, V.J. Cardone, A.T. Cox, M.D. Powell, H.J. Westerink, H.J. Roberts, “A High Resolution Coupled Riverine Flow, Tide, Wind, Wind Wave and Storm Surge Model for Southern Louisiana and Mississippi: Part I - Model Development and Validation,” Monthly Weather Review, 138, 345-377, 2010.
Kubatko, E.J., S. Bunya, C. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, C. Mirabito, “A Performance Comparison of Continuous and Discontinuous Finite Element Shallow Water Models,” Journal of Scientific Computing, 40, 315-339, 2009.
Kubatko, E.J., S. Bunya, C. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, “Dynamic p-adaptive Runge-Kutta Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for the Shallow Water Equations,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 198, 1766-1774 , 2009.
Bunya, S., E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, C. Dawson, “A Wetting and Drying Treatment for the Runge-Kutta Discontinuous Galerkin Solution to the Shallow Water Equations,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 198, 1548-1562, 2009.
Bunya, S. and J.J. Westerink, “Hurricane Katrina Storm Surge Hindcast Using a Coupled Storm Surge, Wind Wave, and Tidal Current Model on an Unstructured Grid,” (in Japanese), Annual Journal of Coastal Engineering, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, 55, 316-320, 2008.
Kubatko, E.J., C. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, “Time Step Restrictions for Runge-Kutta Discontinuous Galerkin Methods on Triangular Grids,” Journal of Computational Physics, 227, 9697-9710, 2008.
Resio, D.T. and J.J. Westerink, “Hurricanes and the Physics of Surges,” Physics Today, 61, 9, 33-38, 2008.
Westerink, J.J., R.A. Luettich , J.C. Feyen, J.H. Atkinson, , C. Dawson, H.J. Roberts, M.D. Powell, J.P. Dunion, E.J. Kubatko, H. Pourtaheri, “A Basin to Channel Scale Unstructured Grid Hurricane Storm Surge Model Applied to Southern Louisiana,” Monthly Weather Review, 136, 3, 833-864, 2008.
Kubatko, E.J., J.J. Westerink and C. Dawson, “Semi-discrete Discontinuous Galerkin Methods and Stage Exceeding Order Strong Stability Preserving Runge-Kutta Time Discretizations,” Journal of Computational Physics, 222, 832-848, 2007.
Kubatko, E.J. and J.J. Westerink, “Exact Discontinuous Solutions of Exner’s Bed Evolution Model: Simple Theory for Sediment Bores,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 133, 305-311, 2007.
Ebersole, B.A., D. Resio, and J.J. Westerink, “A Community Approach to Improved Prediction and Characterization of Coastal Storm Hazards,” Marine Technology Society Journal, 40, 4, 56-68, 2006/2007.
Kubatko, E.J., J.J. Westerink and C. Dawson, “hp Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for Advection Dominated Problems in Shallow Water Flow,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 196, 437-451, 2006.
Kubatko, E.J., J.J. Westerink and C. Dawson, “An Unstructured Grid Morphodynamic Model with a Discontinuous Galerkin Method for Bed Evolution,” Ocean Modeling, 15, 71-89, 2006