Joannes J. Westerink
Summary of Activities/Interests
Westerink is at the forefront of the development of high resolution heterogeneous unstructured mesh, multi-physics, multi-scale hydrodynamic codes and models for the coastal ocean and has successfully transitioned these to practitioners for a wide range of applications including the analysis and design of major flood control projects.
Westerink’s research focuses on the development, analysis and application of unstructured mesh coastal ocean hydrodynamic and transport codes. Westerink has pioneered the successful use of basin to channel scale highly heterogeneous unstructured mesh coastal ocean models with mesh resolution varying by up to four orders of magnitude. This encompasses the optimization of algorithms; theoretical analysis of algorithms; development of high performance codes in vector and parallel computing environments; the linkages of circulation models to weather and short wind wave models; model verification, validation, and uncertainty quantification; and the application of codes to oceans, continental shelf regions, estuaries, rivers, and coastal flood plains. Westerink has worked extensively on modeling and understanding tides and hurricane storm waves and surge using large domains with highly resolved coastal regions. Application regions include the western North Atlantic Ocean; the Gulf of Mexico; the Caribbean Sea; the Pacific Ocean; the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean; the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, New York, Massachusetts, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska; and the Hawaiian Islands, Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Westerink is the co-developer of the widely used ADCIRC finite element based shallow water equation code. ADCIRC is a robust, efficient and accurate analysis tool due to its ability to optimize unstructured meshes to provide resolution where it is necessary and apply large computational domains to simplify boundary condition specification. The model is applied to compute basin scale phenomena to inlet scale flows to feature scale flows such as flow around a jetty. ADCIRC is also notable for its scalability on parallel computing platforms. ADCIRC has evolved into a community based coastal hydrodynamics code with wide ranging applications within academia, government, and the private sector worldwide. The U.S. Army extensively uses the ADCIRC code worldwide to assess coastal currents and water surface elevations. ADCIRC was used to design the 15 billion dollar flood risk mitigation system recently completed in Southern Louisiana by the Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA applies ADCIRC to evaluate hurricane flood risk along the U.S. East and Gulf coasts. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) uses ADCIRC in support of forecasting tides, extra-tropical storms, and tropical storms for U.S. coasts and estuaries. Industrial applications of ADCIRC range from U.S. nuclear power station flood risk assessment required by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Agency (NRC) to tidal power station design in Korea. Industrial users include Michael Baker Corporation, ARCADIS, AECOM, URS, Dewberry, IBM, FMGlobal, and Taylor Engineering.
Westerink was a team co-lead in the U.S. Army’s Interagency Performance Evaluation Taskforce (IPET) investigation of the Hurricane Katrina (2005) flooding failures in Louisiana. He led ADCIRC storm surge model development for the USACE’s New Orleans and vicinity Hurricane and Storm Damage Risk Reduction System (HSDRRS). He also led the ADCIRC model development for the FEMA Flood Insurance Studies (FIS) in coastal Louisiana and Texas. He has developed tide and storm surge models to assess flooding risk in Hawaii and Puerto Rico for the local and federal entities. He served as a commissioner on the Southeast Louisiana Flood Protection Authority appointed by Governors Kathleen Blanco and Bobby Jindal. He has also served as an advisor for the UNESCO Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology on Enhancing Forecasting Capabilities for North Indian Ocean Storm Surges.
Westerink’s current research includes: the development of high order adaptive Discontinuous Galerkin based circulation codes designed to be orders of magnitude more efficient and flexible than current generation codes; incorporating phase resolving wave processes including run-up directly into circulation codes; understanding resonant basin and shelf modes and shelf dissipation processes; incorporating local rainfall and small scale channel routing capabilities into shallow water based codes; and incorporating event based sediment erosion in storm models. Current applications regions include Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands; New York; Alaska; and the South China Sea.
Westerink’s Computational Hydraulics Laboratory is also focused on teaching and mentoring both undergraduate and graduate students, with lab members having been awarded 17 outstanding teacher and teaching assistant awards. Westerink co-organizes the Challenges and Innovation Lecture Series in Civil and Environmental Engineering which exposes students to and encourages interaction with world leaders from industry, government and academia. He also co-leads a department junior class field trip each year to New York, New Orleans, or Texas that immerses the undergraduates in the most significant infrastructure design and construction efforts in the United States. Westerink serves as the co-advisor for Notre Dame’s chapter of Engineers without Borders. Westerink’s former graduate students and post-doctoral associates are in academia, government, and industry and work in leading positions in coastal and hurricane related studies.
Ph.D. Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1984
M.S. Civil Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1981
B.S. Civil Engineering, Summa Cum Laude, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1979
Kaneb Teaching Award, Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University. of Notre Dame, 2000
BP Outstanding Teacher of the Year Award, College of Engineering, University of Notre Dame, 2004
Faculty Fellow, John A. Kaneb Center for Teaching and Learning, University of Notre Dame, 2005-2006
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Interagency Performance Evaluation Task Force Leadership Award, 2007
Department of the Army, Outstanding Civilian Service Medal, 2007
Rev. Edmund P. Joyce, C.S.C. Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, University. of Notre Dame, 2010.
Zhang, Y., A. B. Kennedy, N. Panda, C. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, “Generating–absorbing sponge layers for phase-resolving wave models,” Coastal Engineering, 84, 1-9, DOI 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.10.019, 2014
Kennedy, A.B., J.C. Dietrich, J.J. Westerink, "The surge standard for 'events of Katrina magnitude'," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110, 29, E2665-E2666, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1305960110, July 16, 2013.
Wirasaet, D., E.J. Kubatko, C.E. Michoski, S. Tanaka, J.J. Westerink, C. Dawson, "Discontinuous Galerkin Methods with Nodal and Hybrid Modal/Nodal Triangular, Quadrilateral, and Polygonal Elements for Nonlinear Shallow Water Flow," Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cma.2013.11.006, In Press, 2013.
Michoski, C., C. Dawson, C. Mirabito, E.J. Kubatko, D. Wirasaet, J.J. Westerink, "Fully coupled methods for multiphase morphodynamics," Advances in Water Resources, 59, 95-110, 2013.
Kerr, P.C., R.C. Martyr, A.S. Donahue, M.E. Hope, J.J. Westerink, R.A. Luettich Jr., A.B. Kennedy, J.C. Dietrich, C. Dawson, H.J. Westerink, "U.S. IOOS coastal and ocean modeling testbed: Evaluation of tide, wave, and hurricane surge response sensitivities to mesh resolution and friction in the Gulf of Mexico," Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, 4633-4661, DOI 10.1002/jgrc.20305, 2013.
Kerr, P.C., A.S. Donahue, J.J. Westerink, R.A. Luettich Jr., L.Y. Zheng, R.H. Weisberg, Y. Huang, H.V. Wang, Y. Teng, D.R. Forrest, A. Roland, A.T. Haase, A.W. Kramer, A.A. Taylor, J.R. Rhome, J.C. Feyen, R.P. Signell, J.L. Hanson, M.E. Hope, R.M. Estes, R.A. Dominguez, R.P. Dunbar, L.N. Semeraro, H.J. Westerink, A.B. Kennedy, J.M. Smith, M.D. Powell, V.J. Cardone, A.T. Cox, "U.S. IOOS coastal and ocean modeling testbed: Inter-model evaluation of tides, waves, and hurricane surge in the Gulf of Mexico," Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, 5129-5172, DOI 10.1002/jgrc.20376, 2013.
Hope, M.E., J.J. Westerink, A.B. Kennedy, P.C. Kerr, J.C. Dietrich, C. Dawson, C.J. Bender, J.M. Smith, R.E. Jensen, M. Zijlema, L.H. Holthuijsen, R.A. Luettich Jr., M.D. Powell, V.J. Cardone, A.T. Cox, H. Poutaheri, H.J. Roberts, J.H. Atkinson, S. Tanaka, H.J. Westerink, and L.G. Westerink, "Hindcast and validation of Hurricane Ike (2008) waves, forerunner, and storm surge," Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, 4424-4460, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20314, 2013.
Chen, C., R.C. Beardsley, R.A. Luettich Jr., J.J. Westerink, H. Wang, W. Perrie, Q. Xu, A.S. Donahue, J. Qi, H. Lin, L. Zhao, P.C. Kerr, Y. Meng, B. Toulany, "Extratropical storm inundation testbed: Intermodel comparisons in Scituate, Massachusetts," Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, 5054-5073, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20397, 2013.
Zheng, L., R.H. Weisberg, Y. Huang, R.A. Luettich, J.J. Westerink, P.C. Kerr, A.S. Donahue, G. Crane, L. Akli, "Implications from the comparisons between two- and three-dimensional model simulations of the Hurricane Ike storm surge," Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118, 3350-3369, DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20248, 2013.
Zachry, B.C., J.L. Schroeder, A.B. Kennedy, J.J. Westerink, C.W. Letchford, and M.E. Hope, "A Case Study of Nearshore Drag Coefficient Behavior during Hurricane Ike (2008)," Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 2139-2146, 2013.
Dietrich, J.C., M. Zijlema, P.-E. Allier, L.H. Holthuijsen, N. Booij, J.D. Meixner, J.K. Proft, C.N. Dawson, C.J. Bender, A. Naimaster, J.M. Smith, J.J. Westerink, "Limiters for spectral propagation velocities in SWAN," Ocean Modeling, 70, 85-102, 2013.
Dawson, C., C. J. Trahan , E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, “ A Parallel Local Timestepping Runge–Kutta Discontinuous Galerkin Method with Applications to Coastal Ocean Modeling,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 259, 154-165, 2013
Zhang, Y., A. Kennedy, N. Panda, C. Dawson, J. Westerink, "Boussinesq-Green-Naghdi Rotational Water Wave Theory," Coastal Engineering, 73, 13-27, 2013
Martyr, R., J. Dietrich, J. Westerink, P. Kerr, C. Dawson, J. Smith, H. Pourtaheri, N. Powell, M. Van Ledden, S. Tanaka, H. Roberts, H. Westerink, L. Westerink, "Simulating Hurricane Storm Surge in the Lower Mississippi River under Varying Flow Conditions," Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 139, 5, 492-501, 2013.
Resio, D.T., J.L. Irish, J.J. Westerink, N.J. Powell, "The Effect of Uncertainty on Estimates of Hurricane Surge Hazards," Natural Hazards, 66, 1443-1459, 2013.
Kerr, P., J. Westerink, J. Dietrich, R. Martyr, S. Tanaka, D. Resio, J. Smith, H. Westerink, L. Westerink, T. Wamsley, M. van Ledden, W. DeJong, "Surge Generation Mechanisms in the Lower Mississippi and Discharge Dependency," Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, DOI 10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000185, 139, 326-335, 2013.
Taflanidis, A., A. Kennedy, J. Westerink, J. Smith, K. Cheung, M. Hope, S. Tanaka, "Rapid Assessment of Wave and Surge Risk during Landfalling Hurricanes: a Probabilistic Approach", Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 139, 171-182, 2013.
Dietrich, J.C., S. Tanaka, J.J. Westerink, C.N. Dawson, R.A. Luettich, Jr., M. Zijlema, L.H. Holthuijsen, J.M. Smith, L.G. Westerink, H.J. Westerink, "Performance of the Unstructured-Mesh, SWAN+ADCIRC Model in Computing Hurricane Waves and Surge," Journal of Scientific Computing, 52, 468-497, DOI 10.1007/s10915-011-9555-6, 2012.
Kennedy, A.B., J.J. Westerink, J.M. Smith, M.E. Hope, M. Hartman, A. Taflanidis, S. Tanaka, H. Westerink, K. Cheung, T. Smith, M. Hamann, M. Minamide, A. Ota, C. Dawson, "Tropical cyclone inundation potential on the Hawaiian Islands of Oahu and Kauai," Ocean Modelling, 52-53, 54-68, 2012.
Dietrich, J.C., C.J. Trahan, M.T. Howard, J.G. Fleming, R.J. Weaver, S. Tanaka, L. Yu, R.A. Luettich, C.N. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, G. Wells, A. Lu, K. Vega, A. Kubach, K.M. Dresback, R.L. Kolar, C. Kaiser, R.R. Twilley, "Surface trajectories of oil transport along the northern coastline of the Gulf of Mexico," Continental Shelf Research, 41, 17-47, 2012.
Michoski, C., C. Mirabito, C. Dawson, D. Wirasaet, E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, "Dynamic p-enrichment schemes for multicomponent reactive flows," Advances in Water Resources, 34, 1666-1680, 2011.
Michoski, C., C. Mirabito, C. Dawson, D. Wirasaet, E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, "Adaptive Hierarchic Transformations for Dynamically p-enriched Slope-limiting over Discontinuous Galerkin Systems of Generalized Equations," Journal of Computational Physics, 230, 22, 8028-8056, 2011.
Kennedy, A.B., U. Gravois, B.C. Zachry, J.J. Westerink, M.E. Hope, J.C. Dietrich, M.D. Powell, A.T. Cox, R.A. Luettich, R.G. Dean, "Origin of the Hurricane Ike Forerunner Surge," Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L08608, DOI 10.1029/2011GL047090, 2011j, 2011.
Dawson, C., E.J. Kubatko, J. J. Westerink, C. Trahan, C. Mirabito, C. Michoski, N. Panda, "Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for Modeling Hurricane Storm Surge," Advances in Water Resources, DOI 10.1016/j.advwatres.2010.11.004, 34, 1165-1176, 2011.
Tanaka, S., S. Bunya, J.J. Westerink, C. Dawson, R.A. Luettich, "Scalability of an Unstructured Grid Continuous Galerkin Based Hurricane Storm Surge Model," Journal of Scientific Computing, 46, 329-358, 2011.
Dietrich, J.C., J.J. Westerink, A.B. Kennedy, J.M. Smith, R. Jensen, M. Zijlema, L.H. Holthuijsen, C. Dawson, R.A. Luettich, Jr., M.D. Powell, V.J. Cardone, A.T. Cox, G.W. Stone, H. Pourtaheri, M.E. Hope, S. Tanaka, L.G. Westerink, H.J. Westerink, Z. Cobell, "Hurricane Gustav (2008) Waves and Storm Surge: Hindcast, Synoptic Analysis and Validation in Southern Louisiana,"Monthly Weather Review, 139, 2488-2522, DOI 10.1175/2011MWR3611.1, 2011.
Mirabito, C., C. Dawson, E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, S. Bunya," Implementation of a Discontinuous Galerkin Morphological Model on Two-Dimensional Unstructured Meshes," Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 200, 189-207, 2011.
Dietrich. J.C., M. Zijlema, J.J. Westerink, L.H. Holthuijsen, C. Dawson, R.A. Luettich, R. Jensen, J.M. Smith, G.S. Stelling, G.W. Stone, “Modeling Hurricane Waves and Storm Surge using Integrally-Coupled, Scalable Computations,” Coastal Engineering, 58, 45-65, 2011.
Forbes, C., R. A. Luettich, C.A. Mattocks, J.J. Westerink, "A Retrospective Evaluation of the Storm Surge Produced by Hurricane Gustav (2008): Forecast and Hindcast Results," Weather and Forecasting, 25, No. 6, 1577-1602, 2010.
Wirasaet, D., S. Tanaka, E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, C. Dawson, "A Performance Comparison of Nodal Discontinuous Galerkin Methods on Triangles and Quadrilaterals," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 64, 1336-1362, 2010.
Ebersole, B.A., J.J. Westerink, S. Bunya, J.C. Dietrich, M.A. Cialone, "Development of Storm Surge Which Led to Flooding in St. Bernard Polder during Hurricane Katrina," Ocean Engineering, 37, 91-103, 2010.
Dietrich, J.C., S. Bunya, J.J. Westerink, B.A. Ebersole, J.M. Smith, J.H. Atkinson, R. Jensen, D.T. Resio, R.A. Luettich, C. Dawson, V.J. Cardone, A.T. Cox, M.D. Powell, H.J. Westerink, H.J. Roberts, “A High Resolution Coupled Riverine Flow, Tide, Wind, Wind Wave and Storm Surge Model for Southern Louisiana and Mississippi: Part II - Synoptic Description and Analyses of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita,” Monthly Weather Review, 138, 378-404, 2010.
Bunya, S., J.C. Dietrich, J.J. Westerink, B.A. Ebersole, J.M. Smith, J.H. Atkinson, R. Jensen, D.T. Resio, R.A. Luettich, C. Dawson, V.J. Cardone, A.T. Cox, M.D. Powell, H.J. Westerink, H.J. Roberts, “A High Resolution Coupled Riverine Flow, Tide, Wind, Wind Wave and Storm Surge Model for Southern Louisiana and Mississippi: Part I - Model Development and Validation,” Monthly Weather Review, 138, 345-377, 2010.
Kubatko, E.J., S. Bunya, C. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, C. Mirabito, “A Performance Comparison of Continuous and Discontinuous Finite Element Shallow Water Models,” Journal of Scientific Computing, 40, 315-339, 2009.
Kubatko, E.J., S. Bunya, C. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, “Dynamic p-adaptive Runge-Kutta Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for the Shallow Water Equations,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 198, 1766-1774 , 2009.
Bunya, S., E.J. Kubatko, J.J. Westerink, C. Dawson, “A Wetting and Drying Treatment for the Runge-Kutta Discontinuous Galerkin Solution to the Shallow Water Equations,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 198, 1548-1562, 2009.
Bunya, S. and J.J. Westerink, “Hurricane Katrina Storm Surge Hindcast Using a Coupled Storm Surge, Wind Wave, and Tidal Current Model on an Unstructured Grid,” (in Japanese), Annual Journal of Coastal Engineering, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, 55, 316-320, 2008.
Kubatko, E.J., C. Dawson, J.J. Westerink, “Time Step Restrictions for Runge-Kutta Discontinuous Galerkin Methods on Triangular Grids,” Journal of Computational Physics, 227, 9697-9710, 2008.
Resio, D.T. and J.J. Westerink, “Hurricanes and the Physics of Surges,” Physics Today, 61, 9, 33-38, 2008.
Westerink, J.J., R.A. Luettich , J.C. Feyen, J.H. Atkinson, , C. Dawson, H.J. Roberts, M.D. Powell, J.P. Dunion, E.J. Kubatko, H. Pourtaheri, “A Basin to Channel Scale Unstructured Grid Hurricane Storm Surge Model Applied to Southern Louisiana,” Monthly Weather Review, 136, 3, 833-864, 2008.
Kubatko, E.J., J.J. Westerink and C. Dawson, “Semi-discrete Discontinuous Galerkin Methods and Stage Exceeding Order Strong Stability Preserving Runge-Kutta Time Discretizations,” Journal of Computational Physics, 222, 832-848, 2007.
Kubatko, E.J. and J.J. Westerink, “Exact Discontinuous Solutions of Exner’s Bed Evolution Model: Simple Theory for Sediment Bores,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 133, 305-311, 2007.
Ebersole, B.A., D. Resio, and J.J. Westerink, “A Community Approach to Improved Prediction and Characterization of Coastal Storm Hazards,” Marine Technology Society Journal, 40, 4, 56-68, 2006/2007.
Kubatko, E.J., J.J. Westerink and C. Dawson, “hp Discontinuous Galerkin Methods for Advection Dominated Problems in Shallow Water Flow,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 196, 437-451, 2006.
Kubatko, E.J., J.J. Westerink and C. Dawson, “An Unstructured Grid Morphodynamic Model with a Discontinuous Galerkin Method for Bed Evolution,” Ocean Modeling, 15, 71-89, 2006
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