Tracy L. Kijewski-Correa
Contact InfoEmail: email@example.com
Summary of Activities/Interests
Dr. Tracy Kijewski-Correa and the Structural DYNamics And MOnitoring (DYNAMO) Laboratory (www.nd.edu/~dynamo) continue their efforts to address 21st-century civil infrastructure challenges using multi-disciplinary collaborations, advanced technologies and cyber-infrastructure to address the maintenance and rehabilitation needs of domestic infrastructure, while also working to provide basic infrastructure in developing and disaster-impacted communities globally to assure a reasonable quality of life.
While a number of universities and companies are investing in the development of monitoring technologies for detecting defects or deteriorating health in civil infrastructure, their validation and deployment on actual structures has been lacking. Structural Engineers at the University of Notre Dame have been among the only in the nation to field deploy and maintain sensors on civil infrastructure for years to monitor their performance and validate the theories used in their design to improve the economy and efficiency of future developments, as shown in Figure 1. Since 2002, the Chicago Full-Scale Monitoring Program (http://windycity.ce.nd.edu/) has demonstrated the use of advanced technologies including Global Positioning Systems to monitor the health and condition of structures used by thousands of Americans each day. Now, Dr. Kijewski-Correa has just commissioned a new monitoring technology called SmartSync into the world's tallest building: Burj Khalifa, formerly known as Burj Dubai. This system, shown in Figure 2 being installed at level 160M2, will remain watchful over the building, allowing designers to validate the predicted behaviors and assessing the building's performance and safety following earthquakes and wind storms. Of particular concern to the building management is the performance of the spire, some 2716 feet above ground made of a thin steel tube. This effort, along with others directed toward monitoring our nation's bridges, is proof that the utilization of the latest technologies and analysis tools can indeed assure public safety and better management of this critical resource.
Another signature project in the DYNAMO lab, being executed with collaborators from Computer Science and Engineering and Social Science, is moving forward with prototypes to Open Source the Design of Civil Infrastructure (OSD-CI), allowing all stakeholders - engineers, public officials, researchers, students, and even the public at-large - to engage as Citizen Engineers in four dimensions of online collaboration. Through this project, virtual design teams can be formed using cyberinfrastructure to network, collaborate and contribute to engineering projects in the spirit of other open-source and social networking systems like Mechanical Turk. This represents a particularly risky yet transformative concept that could change our approach to the design and maintenance of civil infrastructure. In the spring of 2010, students in CE 40280 Steel Design, shown in Figure 3 on their spring field trip in Chicago, were given a chance to experiment with this type of portal. Submitting answers to design problems in a virtual world. Their successful designs allowed them to boost their user ratings and engage in more challenging design problems. In the summer of 2010, the concept of crowd-sourced engineering will be opened to our undergraduates as they travel the 50 states assessing infrastructure using smart phones. Later in the fall, volunteers will characterize damage photos collected in Haiti. This will allow our team to assess the types of incentives and policies that attract volunteers to assist in the evaluation of civil infrastructure and how to provide the appropriate virtual portals to harness this manpower. Students also will be given the opportunity to execute virtual internships in a tournament competition model online to earn prizes as a surrogate for unemployed engineering populations who may be similarly attracted to this type of web-based workplace as a means to "intern" for top firms who have posted jobs on the site. All this is building on the experiences obtained in our earlier prototype virtual organization, VORTEX-Winds, funded by the National Science Foundation and launched publicly in 2009. This cyber-collaboratory is dedicated to addressing the hazards posed by wind storms such as hurricanes and tornadoes.
Cyber-collaboration has indeed become a theme of Dr. Kijewski-Correa's recent efforts, as she also received one of Notre Dame's SAPC 2 grants to lead our country's response to the impact of hurricanes on our coastal communities. By working in a spirit of true collaboration to mitigate the effects of these disasters altogether, Notre Dame can place itself at the "eye of the information hurricane" as the founder of CYBER-EYE: A Cyber-Collaboratory for National Risk Modeling and Assessment to Mitigate the Impacts of Hurricanes in a Changing Climate. To achieve such a "collaboratory," a scalable plan of sustained cyberinfrastructure development, coordinated fundamental research, and technology prototyping has been outlined over a ten-year horizon. The seeding phase of this effort will focus on the establishment of a cyber-enabled computational framework, shown in Figure 4, which will synergize the existing models, simulation tools and risk assessment frameworks of the project team and a limited body of external collaborators, to assess hurricane impacts on civil infrastructure. In particular, our use of a cyber-platform is critical to creating a collaboratory whose research and educational products are visible and accessible to wide cross-sections of national and even international stakeholders. This will then enable the group to broaden the range of external partners to develop the full capabilities and research agenda ultimately envisioned for CYBER-EYE, enabling our collaboratory to address the broader impacts of these disasters on communities and ecosystems, including their far-reaching social, economic and political consequences, with the ultimate goal of more hazard-resilient, sustainable communities. Dr. Kijewski-Correa's participation in the Mega Disasters in Mega Cities Workshop in the spring of 2010 in Taipei underscored that risk of disasters to population centers is one of the growing global fears, as now more than ever people are flocking to large urban zones that are situated in areas with significant hazard threats. This effort launching in 2010 uses web-based technologies to harness the work being done not only at Notre Dame but at other leading universities we collaborate with, recognizing that there is far more to be gained in the spirit of collaboration to mitigate the effects of these disasters on cities. With seven major hurricanes forecasted for the 2010 season, our efforts in this area couldn't have come at a more critical time.
However, as interesting as these various high-tech sensor and cyberinfrastructure projects may be, they pale in comparison to the experience of Dr. Kijewski-Correa in the Spring of 2010 when she traveled to Haiti. Struck by the voluntarism of alumni medical professionals, she and her colleague Dr. Alexandros Taflanidis (Fig. 5) traveled to Haiti in March to begin assessing the condition of infrastructure in Leogane, Haiti. Leogane had long been the operating base for Notre Dame's disease eradication programs in the College of Science, and this community was devastated by the earthquake earlier that year with nearly 90% of the housing stock affected. Though only in Haiti for a few days, Dr. Kijewski-Correa was tremendously impacted by what she saw and felt the need to launch a new research initiative that would specifically focus on how to develop a more sustainable yet culturally appropriate housing stock for this area. Certainly this is a significant challenge, given the poverty level and lack of formal education and oversight to construction. However, as civil engineers, our greatest call is to serve society. While many universities would chose to walk away from Haiti as the problems are far too complex and intertwined there, Notre Dame has taken the opposite stance and launched the committed to Haiti initiative. Dr. Kijewski-Correa will lead the infrastructure aspect of that program to identify alternate construction technologies and unveil a plan for long-term education, training and rebuilding.
In addition to these and other research projects summarized in Figure 6, Dr. Kijewski-Correa also enjoys her various administrative, teaching and service roles, her service on the Notre Dame Faculty Board on Athletics, her position as secretary of ASCE's Tall Buildings Committee and chair of its Full-Scale Monitoring and secretary of its Human Perception subcommittees, and as a chapter leader and editor for the ASCE Monograph Report: State-of-the-Art in System Identification of Constructed Facilities. On campus, Dr. Kijewski-Correa continues teaching senior Steel Design, Structural Systems and Experimental Structural Dynamics and is faculty advisor to Chi Epsilon Honor Society and the ND Seed Project, a branch of Bridges to Prosperity that supports Notre Dame students in the design, funding and construction of footbridges for disadvantaged villages in developing countries. The team, shown here, just completed the construction of its bridge in Guatemala and is looking forward to the challenge of building a bridge for another community next year.
Ph.D. Civil Engineering, University of Notre Dame, May 2003
M.S. Civil Engineering, University of Notre Dame, August 2000
B.S. Civil Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Magna Cum Laude, May 1997
- Skidmore, Owings & Merrill Traveling Fellowship in Structural Engineering (2000)
- Fellowship, Center for Applied Mathematics, University of Notre Dame (1999-2000, 2000-2001)
- National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship (1997-2000)
- National Science Foundation Graduate Research Trainee Fellowship (1998-2000)
- Scholarship, Danish Technical University International Graduate Research School (1999)
- 1/09 - present Linbeck Associate Professor
- 8/08 - present Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame
- 8/03 - 8/08 Phillip B. Rooney Chair, Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame
- 6/03 - 8/03 Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, University of Notre Dame
- ASCE State-of-the-Art in Civil Engineering Award (2008) for the paper "Validating the Wind-Induced Response of Tall Buildings: A Synopsis of the Chicago Full-Scale Monitoring Program," Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 132(10): 1509-1523.
- Richard D. Marshall Student Award for best doctoral thesis in wind engineering related to experimental methods, American Association for Wind Engineering (2005)
- Oliver Torrey Fuller Award for technical excellence and innovation, Honorable Mention, Association for Preservation Technology (2005)
- Eli J. and Helen Shaheen Graduate School Award in Engineering, University of Notre Dame, for exemplary research and teaching (2003)
- Kaneb Center for Teaching and Learning: Outstanding Graduate Student Teacher Award for Excellence in Teaching (2000)
- Dondanville Family Graduate Award for Excellence in Teaching by a Graduate Student (1999)
- Member, Tau Beta Pi
- Member, Chi Epsilon
Bentz, A . and Kijewski-Correa, T. (2010) "Wind-Induced Vibrations of Buildings: Role of Transient Events," invited paper, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Structures and Buildings, UK (in press).
Kijewski-Correa, T., Montestruque, L., Su, S., and Savona, G. (2010) "A Rapidly Re-Deployable Wireless Sensor Network for Structural Assessment by Non-Expert End Users: The CITI-SENSE Concept," Proceedings of 5th World Conference on Structural Control and Monitoring, July 12-14, Tokyo, Japan. (presenter)
Kwon, D.K., Kijewski-Correa, T., and Kareem, A. (2010) "SmartSync: An Integrated Real-Time Monitoring and System Identification Platform for Tall Buildings," Proceedings of 5th World Conference on Structural Control and Monitoring, July 12-14, Tokyo, Japan. (presenter)
Bentz, A., Young, B., Kijewski-Correa, T. and Abdelrazaq, A. (2010) "Finite Element Modeling of Common Lateral Systems in Tall Buildings: Insights from Full-Scale Monitoring," Proceedings of Structures Congress, May 12-15, Orlando, FL.
Kwon, D., Kijewski-Correa, T. and Kareem, A. (2010) "SmartSync: An Integrated Real-Time Monitoring and SI System for Tall Buildings," Proceedings of Structures Congress, May 12-15, Orlando, FL.
Kijewski-Correa, T. and Su, S. (2009) "BRAIN: A Bivariate Data-Driven Approach to Damage Detection in Multi-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks," Smart Structures and Systems, 5(4): 415-426.
Bentz, A . and Kijewski-Correa, T. (2009) "A Wavelet-Based Framework for System Identification of Tall Buildings Under Transient Wind Events," Proceedings of 2009 Joint ASCE-ASME-SES Conference on Mechanics and Materials, June 24-27, Blacksburg, VA.
Kijewski-Correa, T., Henderson, A., Montestruque, L. and Rager, J. (2009) "Real-Time Sensor Fusion to Enhance Plume Detection in Urban Zones," Proceedings of 11th Americas Conference On Wind Engineering, June 22-26, San Juan, Puerto Rico (Presenter).
Kijewski-Correa, T. and Pirnia, D. (2009) "'Pseudo-Full-Scale' Evaluation of Occupant Comfort in Tall Buildings," Proceedings of 11th Americas Conference On Wind Engineering, June 22-26, San Juan, Puerto Rico (Presenter).
Kareem, A., Kijewski-Correa, T., Tamura, Y. and Madey, G. (2009), "Next Frontiers of Innovation, Discovery and Learning in Wind Engineering: A Cyberinfrastructure Perspective," Cooperative Actions for Risk Reduction, Proceedings of 4th International Symposium on Wind Effects on Buildings and Urban Environment , Tokyo, 4-6 March.
Su, S. , Kijewski-Correa, T. and Pando Balandra, J. F., (2009), "Bivariate Regressive Adaptive INdex for Structural Health Monitoring: Performance Assessment and Experimental Verification," Proceedings of SPIE Smart Structures/NDE, March 9-12, San Diego.
Bentz, A. and Kijewski-Correa, T. (2009) "Wind-Induced Vibrations of Tall Buildings: The Role of Full-Scale Observations in Better Quantifying Habitability," IMAC XXVII: A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, Rosen Shingle Creek Resort and Golf Club, Orlando, Florida, February 9-12.
Kijewski-Correa, T. (2009) "Reflections on an Interdisciplinary REU with Global Outreach: The ISTIM Experience," National Science Foundation Engineering Education Awardees Conference, Reston, VA, February 1-3. (Poster presentation)
Kwon, D.K., Kijewski-Correa, T. and Kareem, A. (2008), "e-Analysis of High-Rise Buildings Subjected to Wind Loads," Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 134(7): 1139-1153.
Bentz, A. and Kijewski-Correa, T. (2008) "Predictive Models for Damping in Buildings: The Role of Structural System Characteristics," Proceedings of 2008 Structures Congress, 18th Analysis and Computation Specialty Conference, Vancouver, Canada.
Kijewski-Correa, T., Talley, J., Bauer, P., Haenggi, Antsaklis, P., Lemmon, M., Laneman, N.L., Montestruque, L., , Fulton, J., Patnaik, G. (2008) "Real-Time Plume Detection in Urban Zones Using Networked Sensing
Data," Proceedings of Chem-Bio Defense Physical Science and Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, Nov. 17-21.
Kijewski-Correa, T., Su, S. and Cycon, J. (2008) "System Identification in Wired, Wireless and Hybrid Architectures," Proceedings of 5th International Engineering and Construction Conference (IECC'5), UC Irvine, August 27-29.
Meyers, K., Ohland, M., Silliman, S., McWilliams, L. and Kijewski-Correa, T. (2008), "Comparison of Two Peer Evaluation Instruments," Proceedings of 2008 ASEE Conference, AC 2008-674.
Kijewski-Correa, T., Taciroglu, E. and Beck, J.L. (2008) "System Identification of Constructed Facilities: Challenges and Opportunities Across Hazards," Proceedings of Structures Congress, Vancouver, Canada, CD-ROM. (Presenter)