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Andrew Kennedy

Andrew Kennedy

Email: Andrew.B.Kennedy.117@nd.edu

Phone: 574-631-6686

Office: 168 Fitzpatrick Hall


Ph.D, Monash University, Australia, 1998

M.S.. University of British Columbia

B.S., Civil Engineering, Queen's University, Canada


Andrew Kennedy obtained his undergraduate degree in Civil Engineering from Queen's University, Canada, and his master's degree from the University of British Columbia. Professor Kennedy attended Monash University, Australia for his Ph.D., graduating in 1998. He was then a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Applied Coastal Research at the University of Delaware before accepting a faculty position at the University of Florida. He came to Notre Dame in 2008.

Recent Papers (Full Journal Publication List)


Arifin, R.R., and Kennedy, A.B. (2011). “The evolution of large scale crescentic bars on the northern Gulf of Mexico Coast”, Marine Geology, 285, 46-58.

Kennedy, A.B., Gravois, U., and Zachry, B. (2011). “Observations of landfalling wave spectra during Hurricane Ike”, J. Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Eng.-ASCE, 137(3), 142-145, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000081.

Kennedy, A.B., Rogers, S., Sallenger, A., Gravois, U., Zachry, B., Dosa, M., and Zarama, F. (2011). “Building Destruction from Waves and Surge on the Bolivar Peninsula during Hurricane Ike," J. Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Eng.-ASCE, 137(3), 132-141, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000061.

Kennedy, A.B., Gravois, U., Zachry, B.C., Westerink, J.J., Hope, M.E., Dietrich, J.C., Powell, M.D., Cox, A.T., Luettich, R.L., and Dean, R.G. (2011). “Origin of the Hurricane Ike forerunner surge”, GeoPhys. Res. Lett., L08805, doi:10.1029/2011GL047090.

Kennedy, A.B., Gravois, U., Zachry, B., Luettich, R., Whipple, T. Weaver, R., Reynolds-Fleming, J. Chen, Q., and Avissar, R. (2010). "Rapidly installed temporary gauging for waves and surge, and application to Hurricane Gustav," Continental Shelf Research, 30, 1743-1752. (Also Reviewed in Nature Geoscience. 3(10), 750.)

Kennedy, A.B., Slatton, K.C., Starek, M, Kampa, K., and Cho, H.-C. (2010). "Hurricane response of nearshore borrow pits from airborne bathymetric lidar", J. Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Eng.-ASCE, 136(1), 46-58.

Zhang, Y., and Kennedy, A.B. (2010). "Moments-Based Reduced Spectral Wave Modeling of Frequency-and-Directional Spreading Effects on Wave-Induced Longshore Currents," J. Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Eng.-ASCE, 136(4), 200-214.

Kennedy, A.B., and Zhang, Y. (2008). "The stability of wave-driven rip current circulation," J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 113, (C03031), doi:10.1029/2006JC003814.

Kennedy, A.B., Slatton, K.C., Hsu, T.-J., Starek, M.J., and Kampa, K. (2008). "Ephemeral sand waves in the hurricane surf zone," Marine Geology, 250, 276-280.

Summary of Activities/Interests

Professor Kennedy's research focuses on waves, surge, and currents in the coastal ocean and their effects on human activities. Parts of this work are observational, ranging from the rapid deployment of wave and surge gauges in advance of hurricane landfalls, to the analysis of very large-scale bathymetric lidar datasets to determine morphological changes during large storms. A recent focus correlates observed storm damage to observed and predicted hydrodynamics in coastal regions. Parts of Professor Kennedy's research are theoretical and computational, and deal with water wave theory in shallow and deep water, and in the generation of near-shore circulation by breaking waves.

This work has direct application to the prediction of storm waves and water levels, damage, and erosion. Undergraduate, master's, Ph.D. and postdoctoral researchers in the Coastal Hydraulics Lab are currently working on a range of topics. Projects have been funded by the National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Joint Airborne Lidar Technical Center of Expertise, US Geological Survey, the US Army Corps of Engineers, and Florida Sea Grant, among others.


8th International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics Held at the University of Notre Dame

June 20, 2018

The 8th International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics was held June 4-7 at the University of Notre Dame.

Natural Hazard Research at Notre Dame: Engineers Putting their Expertise to Work throughout a Busy Season

November 8, 2017

In a year that included Harvey, Jose, Maria, Nate, Ophelia and Irma, wind and coastal engineers have been scrambling to document infrastructure performance and damage as they continue to seek ways to improve the construction standards and level of hurricane resistance of the country’s infrastructure.

Researchers Receive Funding to Advance Accuracy of Hurricane Storm Surge Forecasts

October 5, 2017

Supporting the need for increased understanding of natural disasters through improved modeling and forecasting, the National Science Foundation awarded a team of University of Notre Dame engineers nearly $1 million to advance accuracy in forecasting storm surge.

In wake of hurricanes, floods and wildfires, NSF awards $18.7 million in natural hazards research grants

September 13, 2017

Scientists study ways to predict and respond to natural disasters such as hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, drought, heat waves

Location. Location. Location. It’s Important in Storm Surge and Inundation Prediction Too

August 31, 2017

As part of a National Science Foundation grant, Andrew Kennedy and collaborators from Oregon State University and the University of Southern California are studying ways to create more accurate computational models of coastal storm surge and tsunami inundation in developed coastal areas, using the structures, materials, and methods of construction that are particular to the section of coast at risk. This would enable more accurate predictions of damage that would be specific to the those densely populated areas and their built environments.


Graduate Students: